Grounding Theology of Religious Harmony

If the commitment to the truth of faith is the Absolute and the Source of Love, then religion should be the power of criticism. That criticism on arrogance, ignorance, oppression and all kinds of poverty, especially the spiritual poverty. That is, a kind of poverty and shallowness of conscience caused by the religious understanding that is not productive, narrow, exclusive and not enlightened.
All that the enemy of religion because frontally opposed to the commitment of faith. Hence religion need some sort of 'theological criticism' includes no less important is the understanding and criticism of religious behavior itself. Faith, religious behavior and thoughts will not be able to free a number of irregularities on the outside, that religion itself has been transformed as a 'tyrant' which bind adherents. Religion should be transcended in such a way that he has the power of criticism when he became a source of conflict and unrest, and even religion should be a force for the creation of harmony, human dignity and civilization are essential.
All religions are born with such concern and some even to free mankind from tiranisme, radicalism and paganism; all the ego and the forces that always lead to actions immoral and destructive of self and surroundings. Moreover, when the religions are exploited to legitimize power and destructive egos earlier. What happens is that religion has become so violent when faced with other religions. This is where the significance and contribution of theological harmony felt so urgent.
Theology is the basis for the harmony of religions and values ​​derived from the sublime religious harmony. Because no doubt all religions teach about living in harmony among mankind. The occurrence of discord, of course not because of religion because in religion there is nothing wrong. Religion comes from God, the source of the holy who never wrong. In other words interreligious discord arises by its adherents as a manifestation of their understanding of religion. For the anthropological when religion dialectic with its adherents, he became the phenomena of history, politics, culture and even groups. Here is the formulation of religious doctrines being created. The doctrine of jihad and crusade for example, terumus when Muslims and Christians alike in the context of war. Then the doctrine is understanding rather than religion, he should not be used as a religion. Because when a person's religion in understanding there is the possibility of false or distorted.
Theology harmony in question is a theology that seeks to formulate socio-religious issues as well as anticipatory nature of the responses may be more suited to the particular context. Theology is formulated from the experience of ethics which is rooted in historical experience for the creation of the spirit and dynamics of religions to address contemporary issues along with other religions. Each religion with ethics and human values ​​which unite to realize the noble devotion of humanity. Insights religious harmony here expanded into insight harmony of religions where every religions meet actively in a commitment of responsibility for the continuation of human life.
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In the Protestant Christian religion live in harmony with all people, both believers and non believers are part of the mandate of Jesus Christ to Christians. Namely, as an expression of gratitude for the love and salvation that dianugerahkanNya (II Peter 3:14; Colossians 1:17, 3:15-17). In other parts there are many teachings of Christianity is full of shades of moral development, ethics and morals of the nation. For example, Matthew 22:39 teaches that love is not only to himself but to his fellow man. In addition it also taught how to get along with everyone in lemut and respect (I Peter 3: 15-16).
So also have the basic Catholic Christian belief that all nations who live in this world comes from a father. Therefore, Catholics had to deal with any group outside of them with love and respect them as they are. This is consistent with the attitude of Jesus when he prayed for everyone. His prayers in Jesus says, "And not for them alone I pray, but also for those who believe in me by giving them" (John 17:20-22).
Problem is why all nations or all religious people must live together and live in harmony, the apostle Paul in his epistle to the Galatians gives a very precise answer. Namely, all united and live in harmony not merely because the law commands or command of any Scripture, but because of the fact that we have all been united in the 'faith'. To the Catholics he must unite and live in harmony with others precisely because faith in God in Jesus Christ.
For Hindus, Asmanastuti teaching is one of the pillars of the teachings that gave birth to the attitude of living in harmony. This doctrine teaches the completion of dissent through the teachings of deliberation. Also well known are also the so-called doctrine of harmony with Tattawan Asi. Tata does that (he or I), seize that means you, asi means. So Tattawan Asi means that I was you and all beings are the same, derived from a single source which is God Almighty. Such teaching has moral implications, ethics and morals of the nation for Hindus. This doctrine among others interpreted with the understanding that helping others is helping yourself and hurting others is also hurting yourself. Such an attitude is in accordance with the teachings of Hindu scriptures Y. 36-37.
Buddhism is also loaded with the teachings of harmony which is useful for the improvement of morals, ethics and morals of the nation. One of the teachings of harmony that is the teachings of the Brahma Vihara (according to the Book of Chess Paramitha Sanghyang Kamahayanikan), which is composed of four noble qualities: Metta or Maitri, a trait universal love; compassion for all beings, unconditionally selfless. Because, the nature of love is unlimited. Mudita is sympathetic to the feelings of happiness and joy of others. Upekka, namely inner balance, harmony and harmony, free from anxiety and inner restlessness.
Likewise Islam emphatically said, "there is no compulsion to adopt a religion (Islam), al-Baqarah 256. So also in surah Al-Kafirun verse 6, "for you your religion and to me my religion". This religion also forbade his any other religious deity, s. 16:108-109, even kemusliman one symbolized by the necessity to maintain houses of worship such as churches, synagogues and mosques in which God's name is called, s.22: 40. To the prophet Muhammad, the messenger of this religion, God warned not to make humans believe in this religion, s.10: 99.
In the historical level of the prophet Muhammad gave his followers an example as inspiration descriptive. History records when he was persecuted and even banished from his homeland Mecca, he migrated to Medina. Some time later he with his followers returned to Makkah and set him free, the event known as the 'Mecca Fathu l-'. He just did not take revenge against the enemies who have menyengsarakannya, he just said, "you yourselves tulaqaa": you all are free.
The climax of Islam invites all faiths to find common ground, sentences sawa or common ground, ie aspects of monotheism. That feeling of faith in the same God, s.3: 64. Search this common ground through dialogue made possible through the doors of ethics, because ethics is through the door of the universal human religious encounter challenges to the same humanity.
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Doctrinally, as such, no doubt that all religions teach people to live a tolerant and provide a strong foundation for the creation of a harmonious life. In fact, arouse the people to always forge partnerships to face life's challenges, uphold the dignity of humanity (human dignity) and respect for human rights. Everything is on the agenda with all the religious people in this world. Is the noble task of religion to jointly reinterpret the teachings of each religion to be communicated to the territory of other religions, in order to create harmony among religious believers.
For all of us as people who believe in the same God, the theological foundations already there, just how the basic ideas are formulated into a kind of theological harmony and implemented in the reality of life among religious believers. Here, the theology of harmony means a commitment to seek inspiration widest wealth of experience and religious doctrine of any religion to give accent to the community faced concrete. With other expressions of theology harmony doctrine concerning not only the fact that normative and absolute religion, but also unearth the great values ​​in real terms the level of locality of our history together, for the sake of this world, life, man and humanity. Allaah 'nature.

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