Spirit Study of Religion and Nationalism

"No peace Among the nations without peace Among Religions", there's nothing the peace of the world, without peace between religions (Hans Kung). This statement contradicts the reality of a pluralistic world and the religions that exist in it. The world of the polycentric, multi-ethnic, multi-cultural and religious.
A world of peace and civilization must be built on manners, morality and ethics are strong. Based on this framework, all of it is capital that is valuable to create great works of universal humanity in order menwujudkan global civilization in the world is getting smaller (global village). We need a world view, to borrow a phrase Ninian Smarth, 2002) to the world that somehow did not make all religions are equal, but emphasized the complementary values ​​of religion in helping to build a truly global civilization. Smarth asserted if the religions with lofty morality and ethics can create a world civilization truly moralist, humanist and ethical. Because our world is actually needed by the wisdom of science, technology coupled with spirituality, ecology and industry with the tools of democracy to the values ​​of morality.
Departing from the assumption in mind, a religious educational institutions can play a very significant role in creating a culture and global civilization before, to realize the relationship among religious order inclusive, tolerant and humane. Due to religious education that is inclusive and critical nature of mind, morality and ethics of religion will be more enlightened humanity, visionary and civilized. Thus, the implementation of a field study whatever it is, in principle, should aim to educate and mobilize prevented him understanding the human mind to kemanuisaan universal values, both those who embrace a religion or not.
The study of religion, or better known primarily to comparative religion on the one side has an academic goal is to provide a pluralistic understanding of religious, but on the other side are technically he could enlighten the minds of the adherents of the religion with the goal of eliminating prejudices, suspicion, arrogance and attitude antipathy toward other faiths. The study aims to understand the religion as such, to understand, the religions that exist and the importance and meaning for human life and then to use them to create global peace and human civilization. The technical objective study of religion is not just 'science for science', but for the sake of a more sublime together the followers of all religions to create a prosperous life spiritual and physical and moral ethics based on religion.
Religious studies with the technical and academic goals above, it is possible to reduce the symptoms of spiritual poverty, which is a kind of spiritual crisis of conscience and religious understanding caused unproductive, narrow and unenlightened; exclusivism which often disturb the harmony our religious life today. This is where the significance of religious studies that he is the founder and the foundation of a solid foundation for the creation of the joints of harmony among religious believers. By studying other religions through the study of critical academic scientific, then by itself will create interfaith dialogue and dialogue in her heart. Knowledge and understanding of someone who is getting in to other religions, will be more respectful and tolerant towards other religions he became even more aware of the religion itself. Proverb says, "If you only know England, you do not know England '
Indonesia is the nation's objective conditions of a pluralistic society; multi-ethnic, multi-cultural and religious. Plurality as a necessity and a given historical reality, the law of God which is absolute. In the context of the national life is thus not an ideal language karikatif needed, but the sensitivity is polite to fully recognize the religious pluralism that eventually led to a pluralistic religious thought and inklusivistik. Therefore, sociologically we are in a circle of multi-ethnic nationalism, culture and religion as keniscayaaan which must be accepted with positive-optimistic. Social and cultural conditions of our nation with its diversity patterns in such a way that requires the intersection of each component of the existing religions.
Study of religions can contribute to the life of a pluralistic nation in this search for common ground. So by itself the study of religion-the religion should be directed to achieve the goals of 'nationality' or nationalism, in addition to the internal purposes of religion in living up to his own religion, as an effort to strengthen the pillars of the establishment of harmony among religious believers within the framework of fostering stability and national integrity of a dynamic and farsighted.
Related to the purpose of the study of religions Prof.Faisal Ismail (2002) offered his ideas to the study of religions format directed at the purpose of the fundamental objectives, that, first, establish an atmosphere of faith dialogue, from here is expected to grow -appreciative attitude critical of beliefs-beliefs outside their own religious beliefs. Second, ethical awareness or ethical in the association of religion, which from here is expected to emerge parted attitude and willingness to live in harmony and peace with people of other faiths. Third, to eliminate the biases of each religious group against another. So hen least Amnestied by religious studies professors who embrace that religion. With the de-mikian information obtained is from the inside (from within) without any bias. Fourth, 'destroy' the so-called cultural barriers, cultural barriers which will lead to barriers pengkikisan eksklusiv-ism religion which in turn replaced an inclusive attitude. Fifth, build a growing awareness of religious pluralism, especially in Indonesia and in the world u-mumnya. That he is a natural law of nature that can not be dielak or denied his Sixth, develop and realize the awareness of the need for cooperation, solidarity and responsibility to solve common problems such as poverty, backwardness, ignorance and other social crises. Or, what is called by prof. Asy'arie Moses (2002) with cultural poverty, structural and spiritual.
And seventh, fostering a sense of moral values, democratic attitudes and the protection of human rights. Therefore the study, study and study of religions should always pay attention and realize these principles in the spectrum of life keumatan and nationality. Finally, the study of religion-the religion should be directed to develop a growing awareness of the brotherhood countrymen (ukhuwwah wathaniyyah) and Sesa-ma fraternity men (ukhuwwah insaniyyah).
Awareness building on the foundation of the latter is expected to grow an understanding of a truly religious Hanif, gentle and humane that our nation Indonesia is essentially due to countryman and good brothers as together as fellow creatures of God.
Indonesia is our home. His house Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Hindhuisme, Khong Hu Cu and trust others. We are united by ties of national ideals as a nation, united reality of citizenship as a citizen, united geographical integrity as one nation, united also by the unity of humanity as God's fellow creatures who inhabit the same beloved homeland, Indonesia. Our common home.
Through the study of religions feeling of brotherhood, the feeling of nationality among the people of Indonesia are likely to stay awake even embrace religion and different beliefs. The differences are still maintaining the unity and integrity of the Indonesian nation, we have different but one also, Unity in Diversity. Things like that we can be, because no nation anywhere in the world who truly single (unitary) absolutely. However, unity can we make happen precisely in the fact that plurality is, agree in disagreement-term borrowing HA Mukti Ali. With interfaith harmony and unity of the nation and the integrity of its programs in the future undoubtedly we can make happen together.
Finally, taking into account the objective kondisis keberagamaannya a pluralistic nation Indonesia, and compare it to various situations and global conditions, the statement of Hans Kung and Ninian Smarth at the beginning of this paper to find relevance. That religion has a very strategic role to maintain the unity of Indonesia, even on the development of major civilizations in the scale of the global discourse. Thus, 'No peace without peace in Indonesia Among Religions'. Allaah 'nature.

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